The Darvazá well, popularly known as “the door to hell“, is an old gas exploitation located in the karakum desert, near the village of Darvaza, in Turkmenistan. This well of 69 meters in diameter, 30 meters deep and a temperature inside of 400 ° C was created after a accident in 1971, for a few gas prospecting works made by soviet geologists, who saw how their team and their stores were literally swallowed through the desert. Fearing that the crater will cause the escape of several natural gases dangerous, the team decided to turn him on fire. They estimated that would extinguish in some days, however, since then burns non-stop and, although it provides a awesome show, it is a great loss for both the economy of the known as “Republic of Gas” as a serious problem for ecosystems of karakum desert. Therefore, the President of the Republic of Turkmenistan, Gurbanguli Berdimuhamedov, has ordered to close the gas crater, as reported in the newspaper “Neutral Turkmenistan”.
To organize the work of extinction of the calls, the President of Turkmenistan commissioned the deputy prime minister, Shakhim Abdrakhmanov, the elaboration of a action plan using the collaboration of scientists of the country and, if necessary, since it is among the most repressive Y dictatorial of International system, foreign.
Berdimujamédov, president of the country since 2006, already tried to extinguish the flames in 2010But the tongues of fire that have attracted the few tourists entering the country they keep burning. For their part, a group of russian scientists they opined that the extinction of the well would require a great financial investment, but I would not prevent the escape of gas, which would still suppose a trouble for the area.
The creation of “the door to Hell”
During the year 1971 a group of Soviet geologists was near the town of Darvaza, a small herding town located in Turkmenistan, in its inexhaustible search for natural gas, when the geologists’ camp suffered a strong earthquake and the earth collapsed under them. As a result of disaster, several members of the team died, however, the survivors of that accident they found after detachment what they were looking for so eagerly, a gigantic gas well. Fearful that the gas escaping through the pores of the earth would spread to nearby towns and poisoned the air who breathed, the Soviets looked for a solution quick Y economical. By burning the gas they made sure it didn’t spread around and after a few days, weeks at the most, well reserves they would run out and the fire would go out. But it’s been more than fifty years and the well is still in calls.