There are more and more innovative treatments to address the respiratory disorders, balance or pathology of snoring. «Currently, the assessment of a patient’s respiratory capacity is carried out based on his symptoms. The basic nasal exploration is complemented by the endoscopic one that allows us to study the anatomy of this part of the organism in its entirety and quickly and accurately evaluates the presence or not of airflow obstructions“, Explain Carlos Ruiz Escudero, chief of the Otolaryngology Service at Olympia. As this specialist points out, the capacity for air passage can also be evaluated by means of complementary tests that allow the volume or flow of nasal air to be obtained using echo or air pressure techniques.
“The improvement in quality and radiation decrease radiological tests, allows us today to have detailed information on all the nose anatomySo we can improve the precision of medical or surgical interventions that we can use to improve the patient’s breathing,” he says.
Regarding balance disorders, the ear is the root cause in a certain group of stability problems. But not all disorders are due to ear problems, there are many other factors that also play a role. Regarding its treatment, one of the great innovations is the application of the virtual reality technology in rehabilitation sessions. It is based on the modification of the visual environment to stimulate the adaptation of the vestibular and proprioceptive system to the existing pathology. “The system allows exposing the patient to various situations, practically real, that work with different stimuli oriented according to the patient’s problem and in different environments,” says this doctor.
In addition, the use of this device is indicated for any alteration of balance, especially for those with greater visual dependency, being used in patients with balance disorders that may appear in open spaces, large surfaces or environments with movement. «In this sense it is useful and applicable in sports, in navigation activities or situations of movement and speed. For example, a descent from a ski slope », he details.
Regarding snoring, he affirms that it is a frequent pathology, which reflects a respiratory obstruction, of variable degree according to the circumstances and that requires a complete study. “Before eliminating snoring, this degree of airway obstruction must be evaluated, which is related to its origin,” he assures. He simple snore, which is the one that appears in a situation of minimal or slight air obstruction, can be improved in different ways. Treatment must be preceded by a comprehensive sleep study and an accurate assessment of the patient’s airway. «From here, if the patient does not present a health problem due to his respiratory obstruction, and only emits noise during sleep, he could benefit from the respiratory restoration treatments of the airway (septoplasty, turbinoplasty), oral prosthetic treatments that improve the passage of air, reduce or eliminate snoring, or surgical treatments applied to the soft palate, base of the tongue or those areas of the airway that cause snoring”, reveals Ruiz Escudero.
As for the voice cast problemsthe advancement of technology makes it possible to obtain very high-quality images that allow for more precise diagnoses, as well as the use of technologies such as stroboscopy. The computer analysis of the voice helps us to propose solutions tailored to the patient with this problem through minimally massive treatments.
There are problems related to diving practice. The areas most frequently affected are the nasal cavities and the air cavity of the middle ear and mastoid. «These problems usually derive from nasal respiratory disorders that prevent a correct pressure compensation between the nasal cavity and the air and ear cavities. The consequences of bad compensation go through the appearance of otitis, sinusitis, and severe hearing or balance disorders“, it states. An exploration oriented to the practice of diving must be mandatory before the start of the activity.