Climate change is one of the main factors in the increase in hunger, which especially affects children
, Dec 9 () –
More than 300 million people could face food insecurity by 2030 due, among other factors, to the consequences of climate change, which especially affect children, World Vision warned this Thursday.
In a report, the organization recalled that during the last five years, the number of people facing hunger has increased for the first time in decades, something that is due, in part, to the consequences of climate change that limit access to healthy foods. And, if this continues, “more than 300 million people could face food insecurity by 2030.”
“Climate change remains the greatest threat to the future of the planet, increasing the risk of starvation, as extreme weather events disrupt agriculture, destroy livelihoods, disrupt food supply chains and displace communities,” he explains. the communication coordinator of World Vision Spain, Eloisa Molina.
From the NGO they emphasize that the consequences of food insecurity affect especially children, with problems such as malnutrition and delayed development, which marks them for the rest of their lives. On the other hand, although the economically richest countries produce the majority of greenhouse gas emissions, the effects of climate change significantly affect the world’s poorest communities.
As for children, malnutrition causes significant health risks and has consequences that will last a lifetime, according to the report ‘Climate change, hunger and the future of girls and boys’, including stunting.
In this sense, “when a child’s physical and cognitive development is affected, so do their educational and economic possibilities, further limiting their ability to have opportunities. This creates a vicious cycle of poverty and hunger that worsens with each generation. “Molina has warned.
Against this, World Vision has advocated for Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration (RNGA) as a long-term solution to food shortages, as it is “a fast, low-cost, easy-to-replicate approach to restore and improve agricultural, forestry and grazing lands “.
This tool consists of promoting the regrowth of existing trees or seeds sown by farmers, for which the NGO teaches communities the best methods of pruning and maintaining forests with the intention of promoting rapid and healthy growth, improving the local environment, reducing flood risks and improving soil fertility.
Finally, World Vision has warned that countries will not be able to get out of poverty and maintain their economic progress if they do not guarantee that their population is adequately nourished, so it is necessary to “design solutions for climate change that are centered on children” , since “it is the only way to tackle these challenges.”