The Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi, Mohammed bin Zayedwas made official as president of United Arab Emirates (UAE)replacing his half-brother, Khalifa bin Zayed Al-Nahyan, who died this Friday.
According to the official news agency WAM, Mohammed bin Zayed61 years old and known by his initials MBZ, “was unanimously elected” by the members of the Supreme Council of the Emirates federation.
Although his position was made official this Saturday, MBZ He was already directing the political destinies of the country after his brother suffered a stroke in January 2014. Given his recognition, the crown prince “thanked” the sheikhs of the Council for “their trust”.
MBZ He is the third son of Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al-Nahyan, the first president and founding father of the Emirates federation, which brings together seven emirates.
For the death of Khalifa bin Zayed Al-Nahyan73, the authorities decreed “an official duel and the flags at half-staff” for a period of 40 days, along with the suspension of work in the public and private sectors for the first three days.
Forbes magazine ranked the Khalifa Al Nahyan in the 43rd position of the ranking of the most powerful people in the world. According to the economic magazine, she controlled 97.8 billion barrels of oil reserves and was in charge of one of the largest sovereign wealth funds, valued at 830 billion dollars.
The form of government of UAE it is a federal monarchy. Geographically, it is located on the Arabian Peninsula and is made up of seven emirates: Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Ras al-Khaimah, Ajman, Fujairah, Umm al-Qaywayn and Sharjah. Each of these states is governed by an emir, who works closely with the central government.
An ally of Saudi Arabia and the United States, the MBZ Emirates was the first Gulf country to normalize relations with Israel in 2020.
MBZ also helped send troops to Yemen in 2015 as part of a Saudi-led coalition against the Shiite Houthi rebel movement and is seen as particularly hostile to the popular uprisings of the 2011 Arab Spring.
Abu Dhabi owns 90% of the oil reserves of the Emirates.
Human rights NGOs try to make human rights violations visible and regularly criticize the poor working conditions of many migrant workers, both in the Emirates and in other Gulf countries.