On her second journey to Madrid this yr, deputy Ivanna Klympush-Tsintsadze (Kyiv, 1972), head of the Committee for Ukrainian Integration within the EU, appreciates the efforts of the Spanish Presidency of the EU to maintain Ukraine as a precedence the European agenda.
Do you belief that the European Council in December will resolve to formally open accession negotiations with Ukraine?
We hope that European leaders will open this window of alternative for the EU to develop into an actual geopolitical participant and open its doorways not solely to Ukraine, however to Moldova, Georgia and the international locations of the Western Balkans. The choice can’t be primarily based solely on financial calculations, however on values. Now we have proven since receiving EU candidate standing final yr that we’re able to combating for our survival whereas specializing in reworking the nation with the reforms mandatory to fulfill the situations. We should perceive it within the sense of anchoring ourselves in an area of peace, safety, prosperity, democracy and freedom for the longer term.
How can the reforms requested by Brussels be carried out in the midst of a struggle?
It’s extremely troublesome. We wish to have the ability to give attention to our Euro-Atlantic integration, however we’re combating a battle for our survival. We should defend our civilians and expel the occupiers from our nation. We’re deeply conscious of the historic alternative earlier than us and the necessity to meet the expectations of Ukrainians.
Do you see becoming a member of the EU as nearer than NATO?
I’m a Euro-Atlantic. Now we have been believing and dealing on it for many years and the nation is transferring in that route in numerous capacities. I hope that integration into NATO will likely be sooner, though I perceive the difficulties of the European integration course of with its totally different actors, insurance policies and technical particulars. Now we have to undertake essential change to make sure that the reforms are irreversible. We are not looking for our nation to be a burden on the EU, however to be admired. I wish to encourage NATO and EU leaders to take steps to ask us to hitch, resulting in a system of stability in Europe.
May EU integration be on the desk in peace negotiations?
Ukrainians have consciously made a selection of dignity since 2014 and earlier than within the Orange Revolution. We wish to be house owners of our future and never have anybody inform us what we must always do. Subsequently, I don’t see any negotiations with Russia. We have been a impartial nation in 2014 and this didn’t stop Russia from attacking us. The integrity of our nation is not going to be negotiated with our aggressors.
What measures are you taking to fight corruption?
Now we have been constructing the infrastructure to confront corruption for 5 or 6 years. To do that, we now have authorized laws and created establishments to show the inhabitants the right way to stop it. I’m assured that we will see the outcomes of the companies which have been established to fight corruption. However it isn’t a requirement of the EU, however of the Ukrainian inhabitants. In these bloody occasions, the tolerance threshold for corruption is lower than zero.
Are Western international locations leaving Ukraine apart due to the struggle between Israel and Hamas?
Russia is happy to see that Ukraine is now not the primary information in most Western international locations. It’s within the curiosity of all European nations to make sure that Russia is defeated as a result of in any other case the safety penalties will likely be dire as Russia will assault extra. Putin was very clear, he desires to redraw the 1997 borders.
Do you see fatigue in army assist for Ukraine amongst EU international locations?
We’re at a degree the place it is very important transfer from this kind of partial drip supply of weapons to Ukraine to extend manufacturing and supply. We see that Russia continues with its disinformation assaults in numerous international locations, its cyber assaults and now we see what is occurring on the border with Finland, the place immigration is used as a weapon. Russia has been fueling and supporting far-right and far-left actions for many years. Populists will not be solely towards Ukraine, however towards European values of freedom and prosperity. Orban, for instance, met in China with Putin, who’s a struggle legal. Presently, nobody can keep away.
How Ukraine faces the brand new winter. Do you worry a resurgence of Russian assaults?
We’re in a weaker place than a yr in the past as a result of it has been inconceivable to restore every little thing destroyed by Russia. The Russian Military has resumed assaults towards our power infrastructure, in addition to assaults towards civilians with drones and missiles. Our capabilities sadly don’t enable us to guard all our cities, energy vegetation and bridges. I worry a very troublesome winter for us.