A hypothetical entry of Sweden into NATO would have a deterrent effect against war conflicts in northern Europeconcluded a report agreed by the Swedish Social Democratic Government and the majority of parliamentary forces.
The report, which analyzes the new situation generated by the war in Ukraine, considers that Sweden would strengthen its security and that of its neighboring countries by joining the alliancealthough does not include any specific recommendations about accession.
In the current situation of Sweden as a NATO allied country no guarantees of help in case of attacksince article 5 on collective defense only affects member countries.
The report believes that there is not much room to strengthen cooperation with the alliance, nor is it realistic to think of deepening bilateral alliances outside of it due to the lack of political will to create a collective defense within the European Union (EU).
Remaining outside NATO would also require spending on defense greater than 2% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) to which Sweden has committed and which is the minimum recommended by the alliance..
Sweden could be subject to cyberattacks or provocations such as violations of its airspace or waters by Russiaespecially in the transition period until all member countries ratify a hypothetical Swedish request.
“The main consequence of an eventual entry into NATO would be that Sweden would be part of its collective security”, said the foreign minister at a press conference, Ann Linde.
The conclusions of the report result from the consensus among six of the eight parliamentary forces, except ecologists and former communists, who nevertheless agree with the rest in condemning the Russian military intervention in Ukraine.
The presentation of the report comes a day after the Finnish president and prime minister decided to support their country’s accession to NATO, a fact that “will influence” the Swedish decision, Linde admitted today.
The Swedish Social Democratic Party, which alone heads a minority government, has called an extraordinary meeting of its leadership for Sunday with which the process of internal discussion culminates and at the end of which it will make public its position on the alliance, which will be anticipates favorable income.
Parliament will host a special debate on Monday on the occasion of the new security reportin which the Prime Minister will participate, Magdalena Andersonand which, according to Swedish media, could be followed by an extraordinary meeting of the Government and the announcement of the sending of a formal application for admission.
(With information from EFE)